Multilevel network marketing, also known as MLM or pyramid schemes, can be halal or haram depending on the specific details of the program. In Islam, any business transaction or activity must comply with the principles of sharia law.
The Islamic principles of business require that any transaction or activity must be based on mutual benefit, transparency, honesty, and fairness. MLM programs can be considered halal if they comply with these principles and do not involve any haram activities such as gambling, interest-based transactions, or exploitation.
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However, many MLM programs have been criticized for their lack of transparency, unrealistic promises of quick profits, and deceptive practices. Some MLM programs require participants to pay an upfront fee or purchase inventory before they can start selling products, which can be considered haram if it involves deception or exploitation.
Therefore, it is essential to carefully research and evaluate the specific details of any MLM program before deciding to participate in it. It is also recommended to consult with a knowledgeable Islamic scholar or expert to determine if the program is compliant with sharia law.